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Introduction to Human Rights

Human Rights:

Human rights or civil liberties are an important part of the country's constitution and uphold the rights of the individual against the state. Most jurisdictions, such as the United States and France, have a codified constitution, with a bill of rights. 

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A recent example is the EU's Charter of Fundamental Rights which aims to contain a treaty establishing a constitution for Europe that cannot be ratified. Perhaps the most striking example is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights under the United Nations Charter. These aim to ensure the basic political, social, and economic standards that a nation-state, or intergovernmental body, is bound to provide to its citizens, but many include its governments. You can easily get a houston labor certification lawyer and other details related to immigration law firm in houston tx at the abogados en texas de inmigracion.

Some countries, such as the United Kingdom, do not have a concrete document prescribing fundamental rights; In those jurisdictions, the constitution is made up of statute, case law, and convention. A case named Entick v Carrington is a constitutional principle derived from common law. John Antique's home was searched and ransacked by Sheriff Carrington. Carrington argued that a warrant from a government minister, the Earl of Halifax, was valid authority, even though there was no statutory provision or court order for it. The Court led by Lord Camden said that "The noble purpose for which men entered the society was to secure their wealth. This right is sacred and non-harmful in all cases where it has not been taken away or abridged for the good of the whole by any public law. According to the laws of England, every invasion of private property, however minor, is a trespass…. and the plaintiff must have the judgment.

Parts of Constitutional law:

Common law and civil law jurisdictions do not share the same constitutional law base. Common law nations, such as the Commonwealth as well as the United States, derive their legal systems from the United Kingdom and thus emphasize judicial precedent, which results in court decisions (especially by high courts). On the other hand, civil law jurisdictions place less emphasis on judicial review and only the Parliament or the legislature has the power to enforce laws. As a result, the composition of the judiciary differs significantly between the two, with the common law judiciary being adversarial and the civil law judiciary being inquisitive.

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